Table Of Contents
Create a package for Android¶
You can create a package for android using the python-for-android project. This page explains how to download and use it directly on your own machine (see Packaging with python-for-android), use the prebuilt Kivy Android VM image, or use the Buildozer tool to automate the entire process. You can also see Packaging your application for the Kivy Launcher to run kivy programs without compiling them.
Kivy applications can be released on an Android market such as the Play store, with a few extra steps to create a fully signed APK.
The Kivy project includes tools for accessing Android APIs to accomplish vibration, sensor access, texting etc. These, along with information on debugging on the device, are documented at the main Android page.
Python 3 support on Android is now available experimentally.
Buildozer is a tool that automates the entire build process. It downloads and sets up all the prequisites for python-for-android, including the android SDK and NDK, then builds an apk that can be automatically pushed to the device.
Buildozer currently works only in Linux, and is an alpha release, but it already works well and can significantly simplify the apk build.
You can get buildozer at https://github.com/kivy/buildozer:
git clone https://github.com/kivy/buildozer.git cd buildozer sudo python2.7 setup.py install
This will install buildozer in your system. Afterwards, navigate to your project directory and run:
This creates a buildozer.spec file controlling your build configuration. You should edit it appropriately with your app name etc. You can set variables to control most or all of the parameters passed to python-for-android.
Install buildozer’s dependencies.
Finally, plug in your android device and run:
buildozer android debug deploy run
to build, push and automatically run the apk on your device.
Buildozer has many available options and tools to help you, the steps above are just the simplest way to build and run your APK. The full documentation is available here. You can also check the Buildozer README at https://github.com/kivy/buildozer.
Packaging with python-for-android¶
You can also package directly with python-for-android, which can give you more control but requires you to manually download parts of the Android toolchain.
See the python-for-android documentation for full details.
Packaging your application for the Kivy Launcher¶
The Kivy launcher is an Android application that runs any Kivy examples stored on your SD Card. To install the Kivy launcher, you must:
- Go to the Kivy Launcher page on the Google Play Store
- Click on Install
- Select your phone... And you’re done!
If you don’t have access to the Google Play Store on your phone/tablet, you can download and install the APK manually from http://kivy.org/#download.
Once the Kivy launcher is installed, you can put your Kivy
applications in the Kivy directory in your external storage directory
(often available at
/sdcard even in devices where this memory
is internal), e.g.
<yourapplication> should be a directory containing:
# Your main application file: main.py # Some info Kivy requires about your app on android: android.txt
The file android.txt must contain:
title=<Application Title> author=<Your Name> orientation=<portrait|landscape>
These options are just a very basic configuration. If you create your own APK using the tools above, you can choose many other settings.
Installation of Examples¶
Kivy comes with many examples, and these can be a great place to start trying the Kivy launcher. You can run them as below:
#. Download the `Kivy demos for Android <https://storage.googleapis.com/google-code-archive-downloads/v2/code.google.com/kivy/kivydemo-for-android.zip>`_ #. Unzip the contents and go to the folder `kivydemo-for-android` #. Copy all the the subfolders here to
- Run the launcher and select one of the Pictures, Showcase, Touchtracer, Cymunk or other demos...
Release on the market¶
If you have built your own APK with Buildozer or with python-for-android, you can create a release version that may be released on the Play store or other Android markets.
To do this, you must run Buildozer with the
buildozer android release), or if using
python-for-android use the
--release option to build.py. This
creates a release APK in the
bin directory, which you must
properly sign and zipalign.
The procedure for doing this is described in the Android documentation
at https://developer.android.com/studio/publish/app-signing.html#signing-manually -
all the necessary tools come with the Android SDK.
Kivy is designed to operate identically across platforms and as a result, makes some clear design decisions. It includes its own set of widgets and by default, builds an APK with all the required core dependencies and libraries.
It is possible to target specific Android features, both directly and in a (somewhat) cross-platform way. See the Using Android APIs section of the Kivy on Android documentation for more details.