Table Of Contents
We try not to reinvent the wheel, but to bring something innovative to the market. As a consequence, we’re focused on our own code and use pre-existing, high quality third-party libraries where possible. To support the full, rich set of features that Kivy offers, several other libraries are required. If you do not use a specific feature (e.g. video playback), you don’t need the corresponding dependency. That said, there is one dependency that Kivy does require: Cython.
This version of Kivy requires at least Cython version 0.20, and has been tested through 0.23. Later versions may work, but as they have not been tested there is no guarantee.
In addition, you need a Python 2.x (2.7 <= x < 3.0) or 3.x (3.3 <= x) interpreter. If you want to enable features like windowing (i.e. open a Window), audio/video playback or spelling correction, additional dependencies must be available. For these, we recommend SDL2, Gstreamer 1.x and PyEnchant, respectively.
Other optional libraries (mutually independent) are:
That said, DON’T PANIC!
We don’t expect you to install all those things on your own. Instead, we have created nice portable packages that you can use directly, and they already contain the necessary packages for your platform. We just want you to know that there are alternatives to the defaults and give you an overview of the things Kivy uses internally.
The latest stable version can be found on Kivy’s website at http://kivy.org/#download. Please refer to the installation instructions for your specific platform:
- Installation on Windows
- Installation on OS X
- Installation on Linux
- Installation in a Virtual Environment
- Installation on Android
- Installation on Raspberry Pi
- Troubleshooting on OS X
The development version is for developers and testers. Note that when running a development version, you’re running potentially broken code at your own risk. To use the development version, you will first need to install the dependencies. Thereafter, you will need to set up Kivy on your computer in a way that allows for easy development. For that, please see our Contributing document.
To install Kivy’s dependencies, follow the guide below for your platform.
For Ubuntu 12.04 and above (tested to 14.04), simply enter the following command that will install all necessary packages:
$ sudo apt-get install python-setuptools python-pygame python-opengl \ python-gst0.10 python-enchant gstreamer0.10-plugins-good python-dev \ build-essential libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-quantal libgles2-mesa-dev-lts-quantal\ python-pip
For Ubuntu 15.04 and versions older than 12.04, this one should work:
$ sudo apt-get install python-setuptools python-pygame python-opengl \ python-gst0.10 python-enchant gstreamer0.10-plugins-good python-dev \ build-essential libgl1-mesa-dev libgles2-mesa-dev zlib1g-dev python-pip
Kivy requires a recent version of Cython, so it’s better to use the latest supported version from pypi:
$ sudo pip install --upgrade Cython==0.23
Without using brew you can install the dependencies for kivy by manually pasting the following commands in a terminal:
curl -O -L https://www.libsdl.org/release/SDL2-2.0.4.dmg curl -O -L https://www.libsdl.org/projects/SDL_image/release/SDL2_image-2.0.1.dmg curl -O -L https://www.libsdl.org/projects/SDL_mixer/release/SDL2_mixer-2.0.1.dmg curl -O -L https://www.libsdl.org/projects/SDL_ttf/release/SDL2_ttf-2.0.13.dmg curl -O -L http://gstreamer.freedesktop.org/data/pkg/osx/1.7.1/gstreamer-1.0-1.7.1-x86_64.pkg curl -O -L http://gstreamer.freedesktop.org/data/pkg/osx/1.7.1/gstreamer-1.0-devel-1.7.1-x86_64.pkg hdiutil attach SDL2-2.0.4.dmg sudo cp -a /Volumes/SDL2/SDL2.framework /Library/Frameworks/
This should ask you for your root password, provide it and then paste the following lines in your terminal:
hdiutil attach SDL2_image-2.0.1.dmg sudo cp -a /Volumes/SDL2_image/SDL2_image.framework /Library/Frameworks/ hdiutil attach SDL2_ttf-2.0.13.dmg sudo cp -a /Volumes/SDL2_ttf/SDL2_ttf.framework /Library/Frameworks/ hdiutil attach SDL2_mixer-2.0.1.dmg sudo cp -a /Volumes/SDL2_mixer/SDL2_mixer.framework /Library/Frameworks/ sudo installer -package gstreamer-1.0-1.7.1-x86_64.pkg -target / sudo installer -package gstreamer-1.0-devel-1.7.1-x86_64.pkg -target / pip install --upgrade --user cython pillow
Now that you have all the dependencies for kivy, you need to make sure you have the command line tools installed:
Go to an apropriate dir like:
mkdir ~/code cd ~/code
You can now install kivy itself:
git clone http://github.com/kivy/kivy cd kivy make
This should compile kivy, to make it accessible in your python env just point your PYTHONPATH to this dir:
To check if kivy is installed, type the following command in your terminal:
python -c "import kivy"
It should give you an output similar to the following:
$ python -c "import kivy" [INFO ] [Logger ] Record log in /Users/quanon/.kivy/logs/kivy_15-12-31_21.txt [INFO ] [Screen ] Apply screen settings for Motolora Droid 2 [INFO ] [Screen ] size=480x854 dpi=240 density=1.5 orientation=portrait [INFO ] [Kivy ] v1.9.1-stable [INFO ] [Python ] v2.7.10 (default, Oct 23 2015, 18:05:06) [GCC 4.2.1 Compatible Apple LLVM 7.0.0 (clang-700.0.59.5)]
If using brew method to install kivy then install the requirements using homebrew:
$ brew install sdl2 sdl2_image sdl2_ttf sdl2_mixer gstreamer
Installing Kivy for Development¶
Now that you’ve installed all the required dependencies, it’s time to download and compile a development version of Kivy:
Download Kivy from GitHub:
$ git clone git://github.com/kivy/kivy.git $ cd kivy
$ python setup.py build_ext --inplace -f
If you have the
make command available, you can also use the
following shortcut to compile (does the same as the last command):
By default, versions 2.7 to 2.7.2 of Python use the gcc compiler which ships with earlier versions of XCode. As of version 4.2, only the clang compiler is shipped with XCode by default. This means that if you build using XCode 4.2 or above, you need to ensure you have at least Python 2.7.3 installed, but preferably the latest version (2.7.5 at the time of writing).
If you want to modify the Kivy code itself, set up the PYTHONPATH environment
point at your clone.
This way you don’t have to install (
setup.py install) after every tiny
modification. Python will instead import Kivy from your clone.
Alternatively, if you don’t want to make any changes to Kivy itself, you can also run (as admin, e.g. with sudo):
$ python setup.py install
If you want to contribute code (patches, new features) to the Kivy codebase, please read Contributing.
Running the test suite¶
To help detect issues and behaviour changes in Kivy, a set of unittests are provided. A good thing to do is to run them just after your Kivy installation, and every time you intend to push a change. If you think something was broken in Kivy, perhaps a test will show this. (If not, it might be a good time to write one.)
Kivy tests are based on nosetest, which you can install from your package manager or using pip:
$ pip install nose
To run the test suite, do:
$ make test
If you are mixing multiple Kivy installations, you might be confused about where each Kivy version is located. Please note that you might need to follow these steps multiple times if you have multiple Kivy versions installed in the Python library path. To find your current installed version, you can use the command line:
$ python -c 'import kivy; print(kivy.__path__)'
Then, remove that directory recursively.
If you have installed Kivy with easy_install on linux, the directory may contain a “egg” directory. Remove that as well:
$ python -c 'import kivy; print(kivy.__path__)' ['/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/Kivy-1.0.7-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/kivy'] $ sudo rm -rf /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/Kivy-1.0.7-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg
If you have installed with apt-get, do:
$ sudo apt-get remove --purge python-kivy