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Source code for kivy.uix.modalview


.. versionadded:: 1.4.0

The :class:`ModalView` widget is used to create modal views. By default, the
view will cover the whole "parent" window.

Remember that the default size of a Widget is size_hint=(1, 1). If you don't
want your view to be fullscreen, either use size hints with values lower than
1 (for instance size_hint=(.8, .8)) or deactivate the size_hint and use fixed
size attributes.


Example of a simple 400x400 Hello world view::

    view = ModalView(size_hint=(None, None), size=(400, 400))
    view.add_widget(Label(text='Hello world'))

By default, any click outside the view will dismiss it. If you don't
want that, you can set :attr:`ModalView.auto_dismiss` to False::

    view = ModalView(auto_dismiss=False)
    view.add_widget(Label(text='Hello world'))

To manually dismiss/close the view, use the :meth:`ModalView.dismiss` method of
the ModalView instance::


Both :meth:`ModalView.open` and :meth:`ModalView.dismiss` are bindable. That
means you can directly bind the function to an action, e.g. to a button's
on_press ::

    # create content and add it to the view
    content = Button(text='Close me!')
    view = ModalView(auto_dismiss=False)

    # bind the on_press event of the button to the dismiss function

    # open the view

ModalView Events

There are two events available: `on_open` which is raised when the view is
opening, and `on_dismiss` which is raised when the view is closed.
For `on_dismiss`, you can prevent the view from closing by explictly returning
True from your callback. ::

    def my_callback(instance):
        print('ModalView', instance, 'is being dismissed, but is prevented!')
        return True
    view = ModalView()
    view.add_widget(Label(text='Hello world'))

.. versionchanged:: 1.5.0
    The ModalView can be closed by hitting the escape key on the
    keyboard if the :attr:`ModalView.auto_dismiss` property is True (the


__all__ = ('ModalView', )

from kivy.logger import Logger
from kivy.animation import Animation
from kivy.uix.anchorlayout import AnchorLayout
from kivy.properties import StringProperty, BooleanProperty, ObjectProperty, \
    NumericProperty, ListProperty

[docs]class ModalView(AnchorLayout): '''ModalView class. See module documentation for more information. :Events: `on_open`: Fired when the ModalView is opened. `on_dismiss`: Fired when the ModalView is closed. If the callback returns True, the dismiss will be canceled. ''' auto_dismiss = BooleanProperty(True) '''This property determines if the view is automatically dismissed when the user clicks outside it. :attr:`auto_dismiss` is a :class:`~kivy.properties.BooleanProperty` and defaults to True. ''' attach_to = ObjectProperty(None) '''If a widget is set on attach_to, the view will attach to the nearest parent window of the widget. If none is found, it will attach to the main/global Window. :attr:`attach_to` is an :class:`~kivy.properties.ObjectProperty` and defaults to None. ''' background_color = ListProperty([0, 0, 0, .7]) '''Background color in the format (r, g, b, a). :attr:`background_color` is a :class:`~kivy.properties.ListProperty` and defaults to [0, 0, 0, .7]. ''' background = StringProperty( 'atlas://data/images/defaulttheme/modalview-background') '''Background image of the view used for the view background. :attr:`background` is a :class:`~kivy.properties.StringProperty` and defaults to 'atlas://data/images/defaulttheme/modalview-background'. ''' border = ListProperty([16, 16, 16, 16]) '''Border used for :class:`~kivy.graphics.vertex_instructions.BorderImage` graphics instruction. Used for the :attr:`background_normal` and the :attr:`background_down` properties. Can be used when using custom backgrounds. It must be a list of four values: (bottom, right, top, left). Read the BorderImage instructions for more information about how to use it. :attr:`border` is a :class:`~kivy.properties.ListProperty` and defaults to (16, 16, 16, 16). ''' # Internals properties used for graphical representation. _anim_alpha = NumericProperty(0) _anim_duration = NumericProperty(.1) _window = ObjectProperty(None, allownone=True, rebind=True) __events__ = ('on_open', 'on_dismiss') def __init__(self, **kwargs): self._parent = None super(ModalView, self).__init__(**kwargs) def _search_window(self): # get window to attach to window = None if self.attach_to is not None: window = self.attach_to.get_parent_window() if not window: window = self.attach_to.get_root_window() if not window: from kivy.core.window import Window window = Window return window
[docs] def open(self, *largs, **kwargs): '''Show the view window from the :attr:`attach_to` widget. If set, it will attach to the nearest window. If the widget is not attached to any window, the view will attach to the global :class:`~kivy.core.window.Window`. When the view is opened, it will be faded in with an animation. If you don't want the animation, use:: view.open(animation=False) ''' if self._window is not None: Logger.warning('ModalView: you can only open once.') return # search window self._window = self._search_window() if not self._window: Logger.warning('ModalView: cannot open view, no window found.') return self._window.add_widget(self) self._window.bind( on_resize=self._align_center, on_keyboard=self._handle_keyboard) self.center = self._window.center self.fbind('center', self._align_center) self.fbind('size', self._align_center) if kwargs.get('animation', True): a = Animation(_anim_alpha=1., d=self._anim_duration) a.bind(on_complete=lambda *x: self.dispatch('on_open')) a.start(self) else: self._anim_alpha=1. self.dispatch('on_open')
[docs] def dismiss(self, *largs, **kwargs): '''Close the view if it is open. If you really want to close the view, whatever the on_dismiss event returns, you can use the *force* argument: :: view = ModalView() view.dismiss(force=True) When the view is dismissed, it will be faded out before being removed from the parent. If you don't want animation, use:: view.dismiss(animation=False) ''' if self._window is None: return if self.dispatch('on_dismiss') is True: if kwargs.get('force', False) is not True: return if kwargs.get('animation', True): Animation(_anim_alpha=0., d=self._anim_duration).start(self) else: self._anim_alpha = 0 self._real_remove_widget()
def _align_center(self, *l): if self._window: self.center = self._window.center def on_touch_down(self, touch): if not self.collide_point(*touch.pos): if self.auto_dismiss: self.dismiss() return True super(ModalView, self).on_touch_down(touch) return True def on_touch_move(self, touch): super(ModalView, self).on_touch_move(touch) return True def on_touch_up(self, touch): super(ModalView, self).on_touch_up(touch) return True def on__anim_alpha(self, instance, value): if value == 0 and self._window is not None: self._real_remove_widget() def _real_remove_widget(self): if self._window is None: return self._window.remove_widget(self) self._window.unbind( on_resize=self._align_center, on_keyboard=self._handle_keyboard) self._window = None def on_open(self): pass def on_dismiss(self): pass def _handle_keyboard(self, window, key, *largs): if key == 27 and self.auto_dismiss: self.dismiss() return True
if __name__ == '__main__': from kivy.base import runTouchApp from kivy.uix.button import Button from kivy.uix.label import Label from kivy.uix.gridlayout import GridLayout from kivy.core.window import Window # add view content = GridLayout(cols=1) content.add_widget(Label(text='This is a hello world')) view = ModalView(size_hint=(None, None), size=(256, 256), auto_dismiss=True) view.add_widget(content) def open_view(btn): view.open() layout = GridLayout(cols=3) for x in range(9): btn = Button(text='click me %s' % x) btn.bind(on_release=view.open) layout.add_widget(btn) Window.add_widget(layout) view.open() runTouchApp()